Color/Appearance: White Spruce is typically a creamy white, with a hint of yellow. Grain/Texture: White Spruce has a fine, even texture, and a consistently straight grain. Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as being slightly resistant to non-resistant to decay. Workability: Easy to work, as long as there are no knots present. Glues and finishes well, though it can give poor (blotchy and. White spruce is a large coniferous evergreen tree which grows to heights of 50 to 100 feet (15 - 30 m), but can grow up to 130 feet (40 m) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 3 feet (1 m), measured at breast height. The crown is narrowly conic in young trees, becoming cylindrical in older trees White Spruce Picea glauca A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down Spruce tree identification You can identify white spruce trees by their scaly white bark, narrow cylindrical crown, and long needle-like leaves. Compared to the Norway spruce, the cones of this species are slender, but not as long. White spruce trees grow to about 100 ft. (30 m) tall
Needles are soft and flat. Grow from a single point of origin like a spruce, but are attached to the branch in a manner resembling a suction cup. When the needles are removed they do not leave behind a woody projection. Tend to have two white stripes on the bottom of each needle Click on the images help you identify an White spruce. Form Height usually 40' to 60', occasionally 100', with a diameter of 24; straight trunk; long, stout branches form broad conical head The White Spruce tends to grow in moist acidic soil around rivers or streams and often grows around other coniferous hardwood trees. The Norway Spruce can grow in a variety of cooler climates, but flourishes in moist and acidic soils. 3 Ask the nursery to identify a Christmas spruce White Spruce is a common upland forest tree throughout much of central and northern Minnesota. While relatively slow growing, it has few or any disease or insect pests of significance and can live to be several centuries old. Similar species in its range include the native Black Spruce ( Picea mariana) that inhabits low wet bogs and is much. . It occurs quite widely over the northern portion of the Lake States, northern New England and much of Canada. It has been planted quite extensively in Iowa for ornamental and windbreak use
Picea glauca, the white spruce, is a species of spruce native to the northern temperate and boreal forests in North America. Picea glauca was originally native from central Alaska all through the east, across southern/central Canada to the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland Spruce Identification (With Pictures) The best way to identify spruce trees (genus Picea) is by their needle shape and the way they grow on the branch. As with all species of conifers, spruces have needle-like leaves. Unlike firs, spruce needles have 4 sides so they are not flat Species like Norway spruce, blue spruce, and white spruce are listed as Least Concern, while Serbian spruce is considered Endangered: Interesting Facts. The spruce tree is symbolically used in the coat-of-arms of the Finnish town of Kuhmo. Spruce needles fall off when the tree is 4-10 years old. However, the peg-like structures (called. Leaf: Evergreen needles, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, square in cross section, needle tips are pointed but not sharp, when crushed a pungent odor is apparent (some say similar to cat urine), green to gray-green. Each needle borne on a raised, woody peg (sterigma)
White spruce hails from northern climes and is one of the first tree species to colonize after glaciers recede. The waxy coating on its needles gives them a blue-green ( glaucous) appearance, hence the specific epithet (glauca). White spruce is the most commercially important timber species in the far north woods, used for wood fiber, house. White Spruce vs Red Spruce. White and red spruce are usually relatively easy to distinguish by their foliage color and cones, but they can be confused because they have a similar shape. In the northeast, where red spruce can also be found at low elevations, both species often occur together in the same habitats
White spruce sites had no black spruce seedling or sapling recruitment, permafrost, or shifts in species composition that made them more similar to black spruce sites. Other recent studies suggest that the occurrence of black spruce stands on floodplain sites may be a function of site drainage and fire history [ 187 , 188 , 273 ] White spruce is indeed a generalist species, seemingly equally at home in mixed company on higher and more well-drained sites as in swamps. Seems to do about equally well in either site condition too, which is somewhat odd. Heck, I'm all about native species, but if you really want a spruce, try Norway! Will usually outgrow them all, and in the. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) is looking for highly motivated high school students who are driven by their passion for Ohio's great outdoors to serve on the Conservation Teen Advisory Council (ConTAC). ConTAC is a statewide network of student leaders working together to enhance ODNR's youth outreach and program efforts Caucasian or white spruce is an evergreen coniferous species that is easily noted for its tall, straight needles and hanging cones. It can survive in a range of soil types. This beautiful tree features shiny, dark-green, short-needled, and bright red cones in late April or early May. 5. Colorado Blue Spruce Spruce trees and shrubs are classified in the genus Picea, which includes 35 species.It's considered part of the Pinaceae family, along with pines, firs, cedars, hemlocks, larches, and a few other species.. A spruce tree can be identified simply by examining its needles. These conifers feature needles attached to the branch by a swollen area, a pulvinus, a joint-like structure that allows.
White Spruce is a hardy, long-lived evergreen tree. It can grow in many soil types and moisture levels. And it can even tolerate significant amounts of shade. White spruce requires little maintenance and is well suited for use in shelterbelts, privacy screens, hedges, and as an ornamental in an urban setting , Colorado blue spruce, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, limber pine, lodgepole pine, narrowleaf cottonwood, quaking aspen, piÃ±on pine, plains cottonwood, ponderosa pine, Rocky Mountain juniper, subalpine fir and white fir
Red spruce, the species with the southernmost range, comingles with balsam fir to make up the familiar spruce-fir forest of cold mountaintops and depressions. Red spruce can extend as far south as the swamps and peatlands of the Virginia-North Carolina border, but for the most part it co-dominates the northern boreal forest alongside the white. How to plant White Spruce Seedling Spruce has many species within the genus, Picea, but there are about eight important species in North America including the red spruce, Colorado blue spruce, black spruce, Sitka spruce, white. Other articles where White spruce is discussed: spruce: Major species: white spruce (P. glauca) are found throughout most of northern North America, from the Great Lakes to the Arctic tree line. Both are used for pulp. White spruce produces good lumber, and black spruce is the source of spruce gum. White spruce usually is 1 BSP., red spruce P. rubens Sarg. and white spruce P. glatica (Moench) Voss. New methods were devised for identification of seedlings at early stages of development and are described in this report. Although these methods seem reliable for identification of the spruce found in New Brunswick as well as Nova Scotia, they may have certain geographica
Tree Species of Wisconsin. Roll your mouse over the common name of the tree species to view images of the Wisconsin tree species. American Beech. American Beech. Fagus grandifolia. American Beech Fagus grandifolia. Learn more about the American beech in. Silvics of North America. Balsam Fir White spruce (picea glauca) Growers have exploited the characteristic blue-gray foliage of the Colorado blue spruce and grown varieties that favor the whiter color, including the White spruce. And this species is often chosen for its color, but it also boasts a natural shape and long-lasting durability Picea sitchensis (Bong.)Carr. Sitka Spruce. Pinaceae -- Pine family. A. S. Harris. Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), known also as tideland spruce, coast spruce, and yellow spruce, is the largest of the world's spruces and is one of the most prominent forest trees in stands along the northwest coast of North America.This coastal species is seldom found far from tidewater, where moist maritime.
The Red Spruce (Picea rubens) is a medium-sized evergreen conifer that grows in cool, boreal forests of the northeast, including the Adirondack Mountains.Red spruce is the provincial tree of Nova Scotia. This species is a member of the pine family. This tree is also known as Yellow Spruce, West Virginia Spruce, Eastern Spruce, and He Balsam Black spruce is a small, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. It has descending branches, with dark, bluish-green needles, and upturned ends. Lower limbs sweep the ground. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites. Family (English) Pine
. This species is less palatable to moose than balsam fir, but is affected by outbreaks of spruce budworm The White Spruce (Picea glauca) is a species of spruce native to the northern temperate and boreal forests of North America. Picea glauca was originally native from central Alaska all through the east,across southern/central Canada to the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland
. Like Red Spruce and Balsam Fir, Black Spruce needles are short - about half an inch long - in contrast to the Eastern White Pine, whose needles are generally three to five inches long.; The needles of the Black Spruce are attached individually to the branches, rather than in clusters Bark for Tree Identification. The bark of a tree is what we can all see readily as leaves, needles and buds are usually above eyesight. All trees have distinguishing characteristics but can be similar at times. Wet bark looks different compared to dry. Look for leaves on the ground to confirm. Some species like red spruce can be difficult to. White spruce Picea glauca (Moench) Voss Distribution and Protected Areas - from Hamann et.al. 2005 Conservation Status Summary - from Chourmouzis et. al. 2009 No in situ conservation concerns were identified for white spruce. Hybrid Spruce Conservation Status Summary - from Krakowski et. al. 2009 Hybrid white spruce [a species complex including white spruce, Engelmann [
Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis) Habitat. Spruce grouse, popularly known as spruce hens or chickens or fool hens, inhabit white spruce and paper birch woodlands, black spruce bogs, and, in Southeast Alaska, Sitka spruce and hemlock forests. Identification The white spruce usually grows to be 24 metres tall, but under ideal conditions can grow to more than 30 metres tall. It usually lives between 250 and 350 years, but trees up to 1,000 years have been seen. Its needles are about 2 centimetres long and bluish green or green in colour, with a whitish powdery, waxy layer Spruce trees are all coniferous evergreen trees of the genus Picea. There are about 35 species of Spruce known in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of earth. Some species are used for Christmas Trees, such as Norway Spruce, (Picea abies).. Spruce trees can be distinguished from other evergreens by their draping branches and conical form Friendly fir, spikey spruce. Pine trees have leaves that come in bundles called fascicles; ponderosa pine have two and bristlecone pine have 5! Pine leaves are acicular (long, needle-like) and spruce and fir leaves are linear. I think (maybe) the picture on the right is a white pine? They have such thin, feathery leaves (needles), so that's my.
Spruce Tree Identification. Some common North American spruces include the Colorado blue spruce, Englemann spruce, black spruce, white spruce, Sitka spruce and red spruce Fragments of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs) were used as markers to distinguish Picea glauca (Moench) Voss (white spruce) and Picea engelmannii Parry (Engelmann spruce). These species and their putative hybrids are difficult to differentiate morphologically and are collectively known as interior spruce. Four oligodeoxynucleotide decamer primers showed species-specific amplification. Blue Spruce (Picea pungens) A magnificent sight of silver blue-green spruce. Rated one of the most popular evergreens. It grows well while young and matures at 50-75'; 25' spread. (zones 2-8) White Spruce (Picea glauca) A straight, tall tree easily recognized by its needles. Cones always hang down. Beautiful year-round color. Tolerates most. Species: glauca 'Densata' Hardiness Zone: 3-6 Height: 20-40 Feet Width: 10-15 Feet Description: Black Hills spruce (not to be confused with black spruce) is a naturally occurring variety of the native white spruce (Picea glauca) from the Black Hills region of South Dakota
Not to be confused with Black Hills spruce, a variety of white spruce, black spruce (Picea mariana) is a separate species and one that is more tolerant of wet soils than other spruces. A slow-growing, tough tree, it reaches 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. It has an interesting shape, too â€” pyramidal like other spruces, but with. The White pine can grow well in sandy conditions where the spruce would not do as well. It is quite adaptable to dryer sites if not planted to closely together (16ft). It does have 2 disease problems such as the blister rust and white pine weevil, and Zimmerman Pine moth in Iowa White pine weevil is the smaller of the two pests, measuring about Â¼ inch (6-7 mm) long; males are slightly smaller than females. The larvae are white, legless, C-shaped grubs with a medium brown head and several long, silken hairs on the body Susceptibility to pests and disease varies between species. White, blue and Norway spruce can all suffer from various fungal infections, although these can now be treated if caught early enough. Pests like scale and aphids can be a problem. While moth and butterfly larvae that feed on spruce don't usually do any serious damage an unusually.
Height: 20-30' Spread: 6-10' (narrow and columnar, very upright) Hardiness: Zone 3-7 Growth Rate: medium to fast Foliage: light green with very short needles, slightly softer and fuzzier then the straight White Spruce species. Preferred Soil: ph 5-6.5, good adaptability. Common Ailments: None common. Attributes: A small compact tree similar in shape to Picea abies Cupressina, but preferred. Besides providing nesting sites and shelter, white spruces provide food for many kinds of wildlife. Crossbills, evening grosbeaks and red-breasted nuthatches prefer the seeds. The foliage is eaten by grouse, rabbits and deer. Red squirrels cut open cones to eat the seeds, and they feast upon young, tender spruce shoots Species Spotlight - White Spruce Picea glauca is a drought tolerant, deer tolerant, cold-hardy evergreen, which occurs naturally from Newfoundland south to Zone 6. It is also called Canada Spruce or Skunk Spruce - the blue-green needles sometimes have a pungent scent when crushed White Spruce. Common Names: Canada Spruce, Cat Spruce, Single Spruce. Genus: Picea. Species: glauca. Parts Used: landscape trees. Most spruce needles are four-sided, stiff, and less than one inch long, 2.5 centimeters to be exact. Woody, peglike projections help join the needles to the twigs. Spruce trees grow tall and most are shaped like. Ecology - This is all I was going on before - identification by habitat. Don't rely on this, but it tells you a little about where each species is comfortable. White spruce likes to grow tall in sunny, dry areas. This might be a south-facing slope, or it might be a levy between a creek and its backswamp
Several species of spruce are com-monly planted in the Midwest for use as windbreaks, screens and specimen plantings. Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Blue Colorado Spruce (P. pungens var. glauca) are the most frequently planted in the landscape, while White spruce (P. glauca), Serbian spruce (P. omorika), Oriental spruce (P. orientalis) are muc White Spruce Picea glauca Species. Presence. In Idaho. Conservation Ranks. State Rank S1. Global Rank G5 What do these ranks mean? White Spruce, Alberta Spruce, Canada Spruce, Dwarf Alberta Spruce, White Sprue, Black Hills Spruce, Canadian Spruce, Cat Spruce, Porsild Spruce, Skunk Spruce, Western White Spruce.
This cultivar of the white spruce (Pica glauca) is a dense, compact, cone-shaped, evergreen gymnosperm dwarf shrub with soft bright green foliage that grows 10-12' in 30 years. Grown for its foliage, the Dwarf Alberta White Spruce does best in a cool environment. Cold winters, cool summers, and good air circulation are the optimum setting But again, the easiest identification trick is to crush the needles and smell them. If they have a pleasant citrusy scent, much like orange rind, then it is a red spruce. Finally, the needles of a red spruce angle more towards the tip of the twig, while the needles of a white spruce angle more at 75 degrees. white spruce needles; red spruce needle
Northern White Cedar: 30: 30-60' well drained: 10: full sun: windbreak, wildlife food & cover: Northern Bayberry: Wildlife cover and food, improves soil by fixing nitrogen, adapted to all but very wet and very dry soil. Northern Bayberry: 5: 5-20' wet, dry, and well drained: 4: full sun: wildlife food & cover: Norway Spruce: Windbreak for moist. Norway Spruce has the largest cones of all Spruce trees and is a key identifier for the species. White Spruce produces cones that are 1-2 inches, Colorado Blue Spruce produces cones that are 2-4 inches, and Norway Spruce cones are 4-7 inches. If you ever struggle to determine what kind of spruce you are looking at, check the cones
The easy way to identify a pine from any other conifer, such as spruce and hemlock, is by the needles. If they are in bundles or clumps called fascicles, it is a pine tree. If they have single. The white spruce is a large coniferous tree that receives its name from the white powdery coating on its needles. This species is rarely eaten by moose, but is affected by outbreaks of spruce budworm The key symptom of spruce decline is branch dieback, which progresses over two to four years and renders the plant's appearance unacceptable for most homeowners (Photo 2). The rapid decline of many spruce trees in Michigan and surrounding states appears to be related to an increase of canker diseases coupled with other disease and insect. Christopher I. Keeling, Harpreet K. Dullat, Mack Yuen, Steven G. Ralph, Sharon Jancsik, JÃ¶rg Bohlmann, Identification and Functional Characterization of Monofunctional ent-Copalyl Diphosphate and ent-Kaurene Synthases in White Spruce Reveal Different Patterns for Diterpene Synthase Evolution for Primary and Secondary Metabolism in Gymnosperms, Plant Physiology, Volume 152, Issue 3, March 2010. Although some spruce varieties grow too tall for most gardens, there are a number of dwarf types that make an attractive addition to any landscape. Spruce Trees for Sale. Fast Growing Trees. White Spruce Tree - Starting at $24.95; Blue Wonder Spruce Tree - Starting at $39.95; Meyer Spruce Tree - Starting at $49.95; Brighter Bloom
Red spruce seeds reportedly make up 25 to 50 percent of the diet of White-winged Crossbills. Black-throated Green Warblers and Pileated Woodpeckers also forage on Red Spruce trees. The Red Spruce is a common tree species in the breeding habitat of a wide variety of birds, including Tree identification by examining images of seeds and fruits. Identifying trees that commonly grow in Colorado and the Rocky Mountain Region. Click on images of Samaras, Seed Pods, Fruits, Berries, Cones and Nuts to enlarge
identification of two trees, both thought to be red spruce. Examination of herbaria in the Laboratory revealed that one was a black spruce, the other a white spruce. Thus, 34 white spruce, 33 black spruce, 33 balsam fir, and 31 red spruce trees were sampled. The origin of the sample trees by county and state is shown in table 1 Montana Field Guide contains a wealth of information about Montana's diverse species. Search Field Guide Advanced Search. Montana Field Guide. Field Guide Home Fir / Hemlock / Larch / Pine / Spruce - Pinaceae . Species. Alpine Larch Larix lyallii. Douglas-fir White Spruce Picea glauca. Whitebark Pine Pinus albicaulis Species of Concern. Japanese white pine / five needle pine (Pinus parviflora) An elegant pine species native of Japan's mountain regions, often with bluish needles. Very special is the fact that five needles grow in a bundle, while most of the other pines grow only pairs of two needles