Surgical cut medical term

What is the medical term meaning surgical cut? - Answer

Medical Terminology. What is the medical term meaning surgical cut? Wiki User. ∙ 2010-09-02 12:23:01. See answer. Best Answer. Copy. incision. Wiki User. 2010-09-02 12:23:01. This answer is Surgical terminology March 29, 2017 Writen by vipha. Doctors and surgeon are using a complex array of medical terms to designate surgeries. Each operation name will be composed of various units often originated from Latin or Greek terms. *otomy: to cut a part of the body, but not necessarily remove the organ *scopy: observation often. An incision is a cut made into the tissues of the body to expose the underlying tissue, bone, or organ so that a surgical procedure can be performed. An incision is typically made with a sharp instrument, such as a scalpel, that is extremely sharp and leaves the skin and tissues with clean edges that are able to heal well A cut refers to a skin wound with separation of the connective tissue elements. Unlike an abrasion (a wound caused by friction or scraping), none of the skin is missing the skin is just separated. A cut is typically thought of like a wound caused by a sharp object (such as a knife or a shard of glass)

Surgical terminolog

  1. Incision definition is - cut, gash; specifically : a wound made especially in surgery by incising the body. How to use incision in a sentence
  2. Definition. incision and drainage: surgical cut made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a lesion, wound, or cavity. Term. laser surgery: Definition. - procedure using an instrument that emits a high powered beam of light used to cut, burn ,vaporize or destory tissue. Term. Mohs surgery: Definition
  3. A tracheotomy is a surgical procedure in which a cut or opening is made in the windpipe (trachea). The surgeon inserts a tube into the opening to bypass an obstruction, allow air to get to the lungs, or remove secretions. The term tracheostomy is sometimes used interchangeably with tracheotomy
  4. renal - another term for kidney. scut - term used by medical professionals (particularly medical students and residents) for the busy work of providing health care; looking up lab test results, removing drains, calling referring doctors. Swan - used as either a noun or a verb. As a noun it refers to a Swan-Ganz catheter which is a.
  5. cutdown Emergency medicine A small surgical created incision over a major blood vessel, usually a vein-hence, venous cutdown, to facilitate rapid and direct venous access McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc
  6. Otomy means cutting into a part of the body; a gastrotomy would be cutting into, but not necessarily removing, the stomach. And also pharyngo means pharynx, laryngo means larynx, esophag means esophagus. Thus, pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy refers to the surgical removal of the three
  7. ology suffix -ectomy was taken from Greek εκ-τομια = act of cutting out. It means surgical removal of something, usually from inside the body

Surgical Incision Types and Care Informatio

Surgical removal of the gallbladder. Colon: Large intestine. Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination of the colon. Comorbidity: Existing simultaneously with and usually independently of another medical condition. Comprehensive Metabolic Panel: A group of 14 tests used as a general screening tool. Contrast: A substance that is opaque to x-rays Stage 1: Swelling. The first steps toward healing start right away. Blood vessels in the area of the cut begin to form clots that keep you from losing too much blood. White blood cells in your.

Start studying Medical Terminology: Chapters 1 & 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools The term for the surgical procedure to create this opening is tracheotomy. A tracheostomy provides an air passage to help you breathe when the usual route for breathing is somehow blocked or reduced. A tracheostomy is often needed when health problems require long-term use of a machine (ventilator) to help you breathe In medical applications, each blade is only used once (even if just for a single, small cut). Functions of Scapel. The scalpel is most commonly used to make the initial incision that opens the body for surgery. Scapels are also used to cut the skin in abdominal operations. ii. Scissors. Surgical scissors, are surgical instruments usually used. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter C, and features medical roots, prefixes and suffixes Med terms 'P': suffixes/prefixes in medical terminology. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter P, and.

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Proximal—medical term for a point in the body located closer to the point of reference relative to another structure; for example, the proximal end (stump) of a peripheral nerve is the portion located closest to the spinal cord relative to the injury site Partial List of Surgical Words Surgical words are a staple to medical transcription, coding and billing. As an allied healthcare professional, part of your daily job is evaluating volumes of medical data. Encountering similar-sounding or similarly-spelled terms can be quite confusing at times

A. 5-alpha reductase: A chemical that changes the sex hormone testosterone into a substance called dihydrotestosterone.This hormone can cause the prostate gland to grow abnormally. abdominal muscles: A flat sheet of muscles on the front of the abdomen, between the ribcage and the pelvis. abdominoplasty: A procedure to remove excess abdominal skin and tighten the underlying stomach muscles Suffixes in medical terms are common to English language suffixes. Suffixes are not always explicitly stated in the definition of a word. It is common that suffixes will not be explicitly stated when defining a medical term in the workplace. However, when transcribing or reading medical reports the suffix is always clearly written American College of Surgeons Definition of Surgery Legislative Toolkit This document is an assortment of talking points, data, and facts about codifying a definition of surgery can be cut, burned, vaporized, frozen, sutured, probed, or manipulated by closed practice of medical professionals providing surgical procedures on patients

Define incision. incision synonyms, incision pronunciation, incision translation, English dictionary definition of incision. a surgical cut into soft tissue; a notch as in the edge of a leaf Not to be confused with: abscission - an act of cutting off; the process by which plant.. surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument: incision and drainage (I&D) surgical cut made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluid from a lesion, wound, or cavity: laser surgery: procedure using an instrument that emits a high-powered beam of light used to cut, burn, vaporize, or destroy tissue: Mohs surger Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for SURGICAL CUT [incision] We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word incision will help you to finish your crossword today. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. 3 letter words COL - CUT - CWM - GAP - JAG - JOG - RIP - RUN - RUT 4 letter word

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Glossary of Medical Terms List of Combining Forms, Prefixes and Suffixes E e- out of-eal pertaining to ec- outside ecchym/o pouring out of juice ech/o sound eclamps/o, eclampt/o flashing or shining-ectasia, -ectasis stretching, dilation, enlargement ecto- out-ectomy surgical removal, excision, cutting out eczemat/o boil, eruptio COMMON SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS LAPAROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS Many instruments are similar to those used in open surgery, adapted to fit through narrow ports placed through the skin. Laparoscopic work is then conducted via the ports. ENERGY SYSTEMS Broad term used to describe various methods of cutting tissue or sealing vessels. May use electricity or soni Hand surgery is a broad term that covers many different types of procedures. the damaged nerve is usually done soon after the injury. This increases the chance of a full recovery. If the nerve is cut or severed, it may be fixed by reattaching it to the other end of the nerve. If there is a sore or abscess in the hand, surgical drainage. 4 Lower outer quadrant..LOQ Lost to follow up..... LTFU Left upper outer quadrant....

Cuts or Lacerations: Definition, Treatment, First Aid

Example: The happy juice I gave the patient sure knocked him unconscious just in time before the cut-down. 22. Trainwreck. Definition: A patient with lots of health problems and diagnoses unfit for the medical-surgical floor but doesn't qualify for ICU until he arrests in the middle of the night. Example: The new admission is a trainwreck. In many cases, hemorrhoids can be treated effectively with diet, good hygiene, and topical medications. But sometimes surgery may be needed. Learn more

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Incision Definition of Incision by Merriam-Webste

An osteotomy is a surgery in which one or more bones are cut. There are many types of osteotomies, which are used to treat various orthopedic conditions and injuries. In most cases, an osteotomy will involve the removal or realignment of a portion of bone in order to correct a problem that affects a person's movement, growth, etc. Learn more. Surgical wounds are created when a surgeon makes an incision or cut with a surgical instrument called a scalpel. A wide variety of medical circumstances require surgery An incision is a cut through the skin made during surgery. Another name for an incision is a surgical wound. The size, location, and number of incisions depend on the type of surgery. What is a dressing and how often should dressings be changed? A dressing is a sterile bandage that protects incisions from bacteria and keeps it clean and dry

Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have symptoms that suggest serious infection is present, such as pus draining from the surgical site, high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit), severe pain, rapid heart rate (tachycardia), or if the surgical wound opens up significantly surgical repair of a nerve. neurorrhaphy. suturing together the ends of a severed nerve. tonsilitis. inflammation of the tonsils. tonsillectomy. surgical removal of the tonsils. cardiac. pertaining to the heart A panniculectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the pannus — excess skin and tissue from the lower abdomen. and the panniculectomy must be seen as a medical necessity. a vertical cut. Noun 1. surgical instrument - a medical instrument used in surgery curet, curette - a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily... Surgical instrument - definition of surgical instrument by The Free Dictionary. dermatome - a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin. dilater,.

Non-surgical methods will use medicine or water to remove dead tissue. Medical whirlpool or syringes may be used to brush away dead skin. Wet to dry dressing is another option. A wet dressing is packed in the wound and left until it is dry. When the dry dressing is pulled away it will take dead tissue with it. A medicine may also be used over. In a central pancreatectomy, the neck or body of the pancreas is removed while preserving the healthy head and tail of the pancreas. It is a highly specialized procedure performed at only a handful of centers in the United States, including The Pancreas Center of Columbia University. The benefit of a central pancreatectomy is that it leaves.

Medical terminology test 2 Flashcard

Blepharoplasty (BLEF-uh-roe-plas-tee) is a type of surgery that repairs droopy eyelids and may involve removing excess skin, muscle and fat. As you age, your eyelids stretch, and the muscles supporting them weaken. As a result, excess fat may gather above and below your eyelids, causing sagging eyebrows, droopy upper lids and bags under your eyes Bikini cut definition, a horizontal surgical incision in the lower abdomen, often used for a hysterectomy or a Cesarean delivery, so called because it leaves a less noticeable scar than does a vertical incision. See more Medical Terminology Quiz 3.6. Description. Lymphatic & Immune Combing Forms/Suffixes. Total Cards. 34. Subject. Pharmacology. surgical removal of adenoids: Term-itis adenoiditis: Definition. inflammation of adenoids: Term-logist to cut into the spleen: Term-ectomy thymectomy: Definition. surgical removal of thymus: Term-om Surgery is a common choice to try to cure prostate cancer if it is not thought to have spread outside the prostate gland. The main type of surgery for prostate cancer is a radical prostatectomy.In this operation, the surgeon removes the entire prostate gland plus some of the tissue around it, including the seminal vesicles.. Open or laparoscopic radical prostatectom There are terms related to urinary specialties and the definitions. There is also a list of urinary structures, diagnostic test, and procedures. Finally, there is a list of some diseases and conditions related to the urinary system. If you need a background on how medical terms are formed, read the article on Medical Terminology Basics

Tracheotomy definition of tracheotomy by Medical dictionar

Glossary of Surgery Words and Phrases - InsideSurgery

If you need a background on how medical terms are formed, read the article on Medical Terminology Basics. Also, the article 11 Rules for Changing Singular Terms to Plural Terms is a good article for the use of singular and plural endings used in medical terminology. Since a list of basic prefixes and suffixes has been presented in the previous. An anal fistula is defined as a small tunnel with an internal opening in the anal canal and an external opening in the skin near the anus. Anal fistulas form when an anal abscess, that's drained, doesn't heal completely. Different types of anal fistulas are classified by their location. In order of most common to least common, the various types. Medical errors are a serious public health problem and a leading cause of death in the United States. It is challenging to uncover a consistent cause of errors and, even if found, to provide a consistent viable solution that minimizes the chances of a recurrent event. By recognizing untoward events occur, learning from them, and working toward preventing them, patient safety can be improved

Cutdown definition of cutdown by Medical dictionar

Medical scissors used by medical personnel are typically used to cut bandages. Mainly non-adhesive bandages such as 4 by 4's are cut by these scissors. However, they also can be used to cut surgical tape. In general, they have numerous applications in the medical field. This ranges from suture removal to dissection to cast removal D & E Abortion. Second Trimester. A dilation (dilatation) and evacuation abortion, D&E, is a surgical abortion procedure during which an abortionist first dilates the woman's cervix and then uses instruments to dismember and extract the baby from the uterus. The D&E abortion procedure is usually performed between thirteen and twenty-four. Answer: epithelial. 198. A medical term that means pertaining to the belly side of the body is ________. Answer: ventral. 199. 1) Which of the following is the correct order for the organization of the body? A) cells to tissue to system to organ to whole body. B) cells to organ to system to tissue to whole body

CAE Healthcare is the worldwide distributor for Strategic Operations (STOPS) Inc. medical products, including the Surgical Cut Suit, EMS/TCCC Cut Suit, 6-in-1 trainer and blast trousers for simulation-based education in traumatic events, from point-of-injury triage and treatment en route to transition of care and surgical intervention Surgical Site Infection (SSI) A surgical site infection is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Surgical site infections can sometimes be superficial infections involving the skin only. Other surgical site infections are more serious and can involve tissues under the skin, organs, or. The surgical procedure of attaching the fourth stomach (the abomasums) compartment to the abdominal wall. Term used to refer to a medical condition that causes pain in the joints. arthritis. A tool used to cut the beak off of a chicken or turkey for the safety of other birds. debeaking Medical scissors are specially designed scissors used by medical professionals in cutting sutures, clothing, skin tissue, and bandages. Utilized in medical facilities and by emergency technicians, various types of medical scissors include surgical scissors, bandage scissors, mayo scissors, iris scissors, suture scissors and trauma shears To repair the fracture, a surgeon must cut into the skin to get to the broken bone. They can then fix the bone back together, using plates or screws. The skin around the heel is thin, and this.

List of surgical procedures - Wikipedi

An Oblique Surgical Incision Follows What Direction. Last Updated on Thu, 17 Dec 2020 | Medical Terminology. Case Study 14-1: Herniorrhaphy and Vasectomy. E.D., a 48-year-old married dock worker with three children, developed inguinal bulging and pain on exertion when he lifted heavy objects. An occupational health service advised a surgical. Prepare a clean surface with surgical scissors, cannula for the aorta (a 18-gauge steel cannula for which the needle is cut diagonally and buffed to remove the sharp edge, 1 in Fig. 2) and the left atrium (a 16-gauge bended cannula; 2 in Fig. 2); a 10 to 15-mm polyethylene catheter (PE-50) with a fluted end (3 in Fig. 2); the pump with the 50-ml syringe containing the cold cardioplegic solution

Scissors Definition. The scissor is defined as the cutting instruments or materials used in cutting the paper, cloth, hair and other materials with two sharp blades are screwed at the center to cut together. Operating, or surgical scissors, come in different sizes and are used to cut soft tissue The medical and surgical procedure section of ICD-10-PCS contains most, but not all, procedures typically reported in the hospital inpatient setting. As with all codes in ICD-10-PCS, the medical and surgical procedure codes contain seven characters, with each character representing one particular aspect of the procedure An international research team who compared the long-term effects of carotid artery surgery and stenting found the risk of stroke remarkably low even 10 years later, regardless of the type of procedure. Short-term stroke prevention was found to be better among surgery patients, but stenting technology has improved since these patients. Medical terms and definitions during pregnancy and birth. (end) of a pregnancy. This can be achieved either through a surgical procedure or by taking a combination of prescribed medications (medical abortion) amniotic fluid caesarean section - a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through a cut in the abdomen and. Surgical clamps are tools used by surgeons and medical professionals to cut off blood flow or other fluids during surgery. These tools are used in hospital operating rooms, during many outpatient procedures as well as in-the-field by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics

List of -ectomies - Wikipedi

Types of Drainage From a Surgical Wound - Verywell Healt

Chapter 5 ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGY SECTION 93 pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas. peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum. pharyngeal Pertaining to the throat. palatopharyngoplasty Surgical repair of the palate and throat. proctologist Specialist in the anus and rectum. pyloroplasty Surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter • Give an understanding of the terms used in connection with electrosurgery Electrosurgery Market With the changes in the medical field over the last decade, a larger percentage of surgical procedures are moving out of the traditional operating room into Dr.'s offices and clinics Myringotomy or tympanotomy is the term for surgical incision into the eardrum (tympantic membrane). An otoscope is used to look at the eardrum and a very small scalpel is used to make the cut

incision - Dictionary Definition : Vocabulary

Stop Bleeding. One of the most common uses of cauterization in the medical field is to stop bleeding, which is often needed during surgeries. Surgery requires a surgeon to cut through skin, muscle. Medical Terminology Common Suffixes Suffix_____ Meaning -ac, -al, -an pertaining to -ad toward -algesia sensitivity to pain -algia pain -ar, -ary pertaining to -arche beginning -ase enzyme -blast immature, embryonic -carcinoma cancer of epithelial origin -cele herniation, protrusion -centesis surgical punctur Your doctor may cut open a part of the affected area to clean it better. The wound may be rinsed with sterile water. Germ-killing solutions may also be used. Objects, dirt, or dead tissue from the wound will be removed with debridement (surgical cleaning). Wet bandages may be placed inside the wound and left to dry The healthcare field is full of technical terminology, including a number of medical abbreviations that are used to complete patient charts, write prescriptions, communicate general needs and bill for services.Being able to access a medical abbreviation list can help you take control of your healthcare needs

excise - to cut out; excision - the act of cutting out. exogenous - originating from outside of the body. exudate - a fluid with a high concentration of protein and cellular debris which has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues, or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation [81] In 2006, a consortium of patient advocates, parents, and medical providers published a set of clinical guidelines that urged delay [of] elective surgical and hormonal treatments until the. Medical negligence during a surgical procedure can often result in further surgeries, infection and sepsis, internal organ damage, immune system failure and even death. Surgical procedures require an enormous level of skill, and even the slightest mistakes can have profound effects on the patient Surgery for Liver Cancer. The best option to cure liver cancer is with either surgical resection (removal of the tumor with surgery) or a liver transplant. If all cancer in the liver is completely removed, you will have the best outlook. Small liver cancers may also be cured with other types of treatment such as ablation or radiation Surgical Techniques Scalpel. The scalpel is the traditional cancer surgery tool. Other tools such as needles, forceps, or scissors are involved in cancer diagnostic surgeries. However, these traditional cancer surgery tools are being replaced by new and more effective cancer surgical tools such as laser and radiation. These new surgical tools often result in less operative time, cause less.

A laparotomy is a surgical incision (cut) into the abdominal cavity. This operation is performed to examine the abdominal organs and aid diagnosis of any problems, including abdominal pain. In many cases, the problem - once identified - can be fixed during the laparotomy. In other cases, a second operation is required QQIdentify word parts and write medical terms accurately QQUtilize­suffixes­to­build­medical­terminologies­related­to­surgical­procedures,­medi-cal conditions, specialists, and specialties QQRecognize­and­use­prefixes­in­writing­medical­terms QQDistinguish and analyze medical terms associated with the digestive syste A large variety of scissors are utilized in the surgical suite to include many lengths, styles, curved, straight, sharp, and blunt. In general, curved scissors are used to cut and dissect tissue, while stra ight scissors are used for cutting sutures and any tissue when a smooth, straight cut is desired, such as a damaged nerve or blood vessel

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Medical Terminology-Surgical Procedures Flashcards Quizle

Dermabond: Surgical Skin Glue Dermabond is a medical skin adhesive that is used to glue the sides of an incision or injury closed. Dermabond has shown to improve healing rates, reduce the chances of an infection, and the patient spends less time seeking medical attention Uniform definitions of term are predicated on a uniform method of determining gestational age. The work group provided a method for determination of gestational age 5 that, like other similar methods 6, focused on a hierarchy of clinical and ultrasonographic criteria.Individual methods may differ in the details of when and how ultrasonographic biometry should be used to change estimated date. When medical treatment isn't effective in controlling vertigo and other symptoms caused by vestibular system dysfunction, surgery may be considered. Surgical procedures for peripheral vestibular disorders are either corrective (to repair or stabilize inner ear function) or destructive (to stop the production of sensory information)

Aside from that, a poor surgical technique contributes to the rate of infection. Like in any type of wound, patients with poor nutritional status and diabetics have an increased risk for this condition. Signs and Symptoms. There is no specific cut-off time to determine whether a wound is nonhealing or not Quest Medical offers surgeons a wide variety of aortic punches, including a unique aortotomy system that is ideal for creation of uniform openings at the aortotomy site for vein grafts, it's called the PerfectCut ®. The PerfectCut system is designed to create a precise, consistent, reliable, repeatable incision and circular hole that.

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of articles addressing the definitions and differences between the medical and surgical root operations. Our focus today is the four root operations that put in/put back or move some or all of a body part. As per the ICD-10-PCS book, we will review the d.. Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards. ASTM's medical device and implant standards are instrumental in specifying and evaluating the design and performance requirements of a number of biomedical materials, tools, and equipments. These apparatuses are used in surgical procedures that involve the placement of such devices to specified. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) - A weakness or bulge of the main artery in the abdomen (belly). Amputation - Surgical removal of a limb or portion of a limb. Above knee, below knee, or partial foot are all varieties. Amurosis fugax - Blindness or temporary loss of vision due to plaque blocking the blood supply to the eye.. Aneurysm - Abnormal weakening of the wall of an artery causing a. Craniotomy (crani-otomy): surgical cutting of the skull, typically done to provide access to the brain when surgery is needed. A craniotomy may require a small or large cut depending on the type of surgery needed. A small cut in the skull is referred to as a burr hole and is used to insert a shunt or remove small brain tissue samples The term used for animals, synonymous with autopsy (for humans) -osis: Abnormal condition: Proptosis: Abnormal forward placement of the eye: Eyeball is either pushed forward in the eye socket or is partially out of the socket. -ostomosis, -ostomy, -stomy: To furnish with an opening or mouth: Gastrostomy: Opening the stomach: Surgical opening of.

Dilation of the ascending aorta entails a high risk of dissection or aortic rupture in the absence of surgical treatment. Overall, it represents 50% of all thoracic aneurysms, but can be separated into two distinct entities, according to aetiology and surgical management: (1) the aortic root aneurysm, concerning the initial portion, the so called aortic root, that includes the sinuses of. An episiotomy is a surgical cut that is made on the perineum - the area between the vagina and the anus - during a vaginal delivery to enlarge the outlet. Until a few years ago, an episiotomy was performed as a routine procedure but this has changed based on new research Medical Definition of Postoperative hemorrhage. Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD; Reviewed on 3/29/2021. Postoperative hemorrhage: Bleeding after a surgical procedure. The hemorrhage may occur immediately after the surgery or be delayed. It need not be restricted to the surgical wound. Common causes of postoperative hemorrhage are. adj. a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family. The disease is part genetic and part environmental. growth. noun. a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin. That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me. heart attack. noun

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Medical errors overall are pretty common, said Dr. Martin Makary, surgical director of the Johns Hopkins Multidisciplinary Pancreas Clinic and a professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins Medicine Medical shoe and boot covers Surgical sleeve protectors Ventilated Safety eyeshields and goggles (does not include full face shield or indirectly-vented goggles) Disposable latex, nitrile, polyethylene, vinyl gloves/finger cots or other medical glove -tomy definition, a combining form meaning cutting, incision of an organ, excision of an object, as specified by the initial element (appendectomy; lithotomy); also occurring in abstract nouns corresponding to adjectives ending in -tomous (dichotomy). See more A surgical dressing kit is defined as non-individualized, standardized packaging containing repetitive quantities of dressings not related to the individual medical needs of a member, or whose contents have not each been prescribed for the care of the specific wounds of that member, or that contain materials in addition to surgical dressings Glossary of Spinal Terms. Allograft Bone (ie, donor bone) - Sterile bone derived from another human which is used for grafting procedures. Anterior - The front portion of the body. It is often used to indicate the position of one structure relative to another. An A to Z dictionary of spine terms translated into patient-friendly language ing a surgical incision. Scalpels A surgical cut made into a tissue or organ is called an incision. Surgical scalpels are used to make incisions and for excision of tissues or organs. A surgical scalpel is a very sharp knife. Often the han - dle and the blade are packaged separately and assem-bled by the surgeon at the beginning of the operation